What Works Principles
Research shows programs that meet these 5 principles of effective correctional intervention have a greater likelihood of reducing recidivism.
The 5 Principles of Effective Correctional Intervention
- Risk Principle: Target higher risk offenders (who).
- Need Principle: Target criminogenic risk/need factors (what).
- Anti social attitudes
- Anti social peers
- Substance abuse
- Dysfunctional family
- Lack of empathy
- Impulsivity/lack of self control
- Treatment Principle: Use behavioral treatment approaches which involve rehearsing new skills (how).
- Structured social learning approaches
- Cognitive behavioral approaches
- Family Therapy
- Responsivity Principle: Address barriers to treatment such as lack of motivation, anxiety, reading levels, and take into account individual differences such as age, gender etc.
- Fidelity Principle: Implement interventions as designed (follow the recipe)
Research indicates that programs that meet these 5 principles of effective correctional intervention have a greater likelihood of reducing recidivism. The Justice Research Center utilizes a training coach model to assist programs in implementing these principles.